Bhagat Singh, popularly known as ‘Shaheed’ Bhagat Singh was one of the most influential revolutionaries in the Indian Independence Movement. The word ‘Shaheed’ means ‘Martyr’. He was a nationalist and was known for his heroic and revolutionary acts. The loyalty towards his country and dedication led him to fight for the freedom and fight till his last breath.
Birth and Early Life:
Bhagat Singh was born to Kishan Singh and Vidyavati in 1907 in village Banga in Punjab province in British India. The village is now in Pakistan. The day of his birth was the release day of father and his two uncles from Jail. His family was very active in Politics and Struggle for Independence that is why the child was so curious and determined to fight for freedom. Bhagat Singh was sent to Dayanand Anglo Vedic school instead of Khalsa school in Lahore. At the age of only 12, He visited the Jallainwala Bagh just a few hours after the massacre in 1919, He joined the protesters who were against this when he was 14 years old.
He was quite dissatisfied with Gandhiji approach of non-violence, so he joined Young Revolutionary Movement to follow the violent overthrow of British from the country. Bhagat Singh joined National College in Lahore in 1923. He founded Naujawan Bharat Sabha after being inspired by Young Italy movement in 1926. He also joined Hindustan Republican Association later on where he met many prominent leaders like Chandrashekhar Azad, Ram Prasad Bismil etc.
Struggle For Independence:
To avoid an arranged marriage, He ran away from home to Cawnpore as the only desire in his heart was, the freedom of the country. Bhagat Singh got arrested in 1927 in suspicion for exploiting the youth but he was bailed after 5 weeks. In 1928, Lala Lajpat Rai was protesting against the Simon Commision when police ordered lathi charge on the crowd, Lala Ji got injured after 2 weeks, he died due to injuries which caused a heart attack.
Bhagat Singh vowed to take revenge from James Schott who ordered lathi charge, He along with his 4 members of HSRA planned to kill, However, the plotters were mistaken and they killed John Saunders. After killing him, the plotters fled away while a head constable, Channan Singh who was chasing them was badly injured by Chandrashekhar Azad.
CID was kept on Bhagat Singh but they still managed to cope away by disguising their real identities by wearing western look. They remained undercovered for some time but they were exploiting the drama somehow. After being influenced by French Anarchist, Bhagat Singh planned to drop Bombs in the Central Assembly.
The motive was to gain the popularity rather than killing anyone when the bomb was dropped, they could have easily escaped due to smoke of bombs but they chose to stay there and they shouted the slogan “Inquilab Zindabad”. After this, they were sentenced to jail where they started a hunger strike. By this time, the Saunders case was investigated with double intensity and this case was named “Lahore Conspiracy”.
Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, and Sukhdev were sentenced to death for Lahore Conspiracy Case and They were scheduled to hang on 24 March 1931 But the schedule was preponed to 23 March 7.30PM, As it was reported that no magistrate was willing to enter the proceedings. In the end, The execution was supervised by Honorary Judge who signed the death warrants of the three. The Authorities broke the rear wall to remove the bodies. The dead bodies were secretly cremated in the night and the ashes were dispatched in river Sutlej.
There were mixed emotions in the country as the youth was angry with Gandhi Ji as they thought that Gandhiji could have stopped if he wanted to stop the execution while the Gandhi Ji’s followers thought that he tried his level best to stop.